Letitia Ratliff Dump Trucks January 26th, 2018 - 10:27:59
Dump trucks are used for transporting various types of loose materials such as sand gravel or dirt which are used for construction. Aside from construction materials dump tucks are also utilized for collecting trash or garbage. They are generally equipped with dump hoist which are usually hydraulically operated. The dump hoist allows the deposit of the truck contents on the ground at the site of delivery. Different Types of Dump Trucks Dump trucks differ in configurations to suit various types of tasks and here are some of them: Standard Dump Truck This type of unit is a full truck chassis complete with a mounted dump body to the frame. It makes use of a hydraulic ram which is used to raise the dump body. This hydraulic ram is mounted forward of the front bulkhead specifically located between the truck cab and the dump body. This type of truck is commonly utilized for transporting construction materials.
With this vehicle the bed can be elevated by the use of hydraulics that allow the contents to pour from underneath the bottom of the unhinged tailgate. Rear dump trucks are well equipped to handle most jobs; however there are some situations where it is difficult to use this discharge version such as when working in tighter areas or with overhead power lines. Side dump models use a tilting base that is raised hydraulically from the side allowing for contents to be discharged from the vehicle without the bed reaching too tall of a height. These types are usually found on an articulating chassis; the dump bed is separate from the driver cab which is beneficial in a number of different ways.
Sizing Dump trucks come in many different sizes and configurations for various applications. These trucks can be categorized by their capacity or the weight of load they can carry and by the number of axles. The smallest truck in production today is a 2 x 4 truck with a 10-ton capacity powered by a single axle while the longest truck is known as the centipede and has as many as 7 axles with a capacity of more than 50 tons. Dump Truck Types Small-sized trucks are designed to meet the required capacity limits for city driving as well as to maximize their maneuverability. In many countries a 10-wheeler truck with a maximum load of 30 tons is an acceptable capacity for driving on public roads. A commercial dump truck of this size is perfect for transporting loads onto construction sites within cities while keeping under the regulated load capacity.
A standard dump truck features a dump body that is mounted to the frame. It is a full truck chassis that has a hydraulic ram mounted toward the front between the cab and the body. The tailgate for standard dump trucks can either be configured to swing on hinges or with pneumatic rams that lift the gate open and raise it above the dump body. A standard model also has a short wheel base which makes it much more maneuverable than a higher capacity semi-trailer dump truck. There are many manufacturers that produce dump trucks. Some of the more popular manufacturers include Hino Motors Nissan Mitsubishi Fuso and Volvo. These manufacturers produce standard model trucks that are highly popular.