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Jaime Hayes Dump Trucks January 29th, 2018 - 15:52:37
Standard Truck The standard dump truck design is a truck frame mounted with an open box bed that can be raised via a hydraulic pump located between the cab and the dump body; the tailgate on the end is typically hinged. The standard truck is single bodied with one front axle and one or more rear axles either powered or not powered. The short wheelbase of the standard truck makes the truck more maneuverable than other dump vehicle types with higher capacity. It is ideally suited for road driving with a good variable capacity.
Semi Trailer End Dump Truck The semi end dump is a tractor-trailer combination where the trailer has the hydraulic hoist. It is advantageous because of its large capacity as well as its ability to rapidly unload. The disadvantage is that it can be unstable when the dumping location is uneven as well as be difficult to back up. Semi Trailer Bottom Dump Truck The semi trailer bottom truck is similar to the semi trailer end truck in basic design. The trailer differs by having a clam shell type dump gate in the belly of the trailer. This gives this truck the ability to lay down material in a linear row. In addition this version is maneuverable in reverse.
Sizing Dump trucks come in many different sizes and configurations for various applications. These trucks can be categorized by their capacity or the weight of load they can carry and by the number of axles. The smallest truck in production today is a 2 x 4 truck with a 10-ton capacity powered by a single axle while the longest truck is known as the centipede and has as many as 7 axles with a capacity of more than 50 tons. Dump Truck Types Small-sized trucks are designed to meet the required capacity limits for city driving as well as to maximize their maneuverability. In many countries a 10-wheeler truck with a maximum load of 30 tons is an acceptable capacity for driving on public roads. A commercial dump truck of this size is perfect for transporting loads onto construction sites within cities while keeping under the regulated load capacity.
Typically the truck goes to a quarry or other supplier to be loaded with needed loose materials. The dump bed is open so sometimes a protective cover may be placed over the load to keep debris from falling out while the material is being transported. At the construction site the truck releases its load at a specific point by opening the gate and lifting the dump bed via a hydraulic lift depositing the material usually in a pile on the ground. Structure Commercial dump trucks are made similarly to other heavy duty trucks. The chassis is made of reinforced steel for durability. The power plant is a large diesel engine topped with a reinforced cockpit to house the driver. What distinguishes this truck and makes it the number one choice for construction companies is its hydraulically operated large capacity dump bed. Because the dump bed is hydraulically operated it makes unloading fast and easy without any additional worker required other than the driver and the spotter.