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Debbie Dale Excavator February 12th, 2018 - 12:33:44
Excavators are construction vehicles used in various construction activities like road construction for digging and the moving material on the site. They are also commonly referred to as backhoes or diggers called so because they use wire rope or a hydraulic system to dig holes and trenches. An excavator has a long boom arm that is mounted on a pivot and connected at an elbow to a stick that holds the bucket. The bucket is an attachment and can be removed and replaced by a different accessory depending on the specification of the work being done. The excavator can be used for different operations at the construction site. The cab of an excavator can rotate a full 360 degrees. For this reason another common name for an excavator is the 360 degree digger.
In construction especially of large infrastructures an excavator is operated to assist in demolition general grading landscaping and in lifting and placing heavy objects such as pipes. Excavators also aid in mining river dredging and driving piles. A Compact hydraulic excavator or mini excavator has tracks or wheels and weighs approximately 0.7 to 7.5 tons. Caterpillar the worlds largest manufacturer of construction equipments has a compact or mini excavator that weighs only 1610 kilogram or 3549 pounds and operates on a power of 19 hp. The mini excavator by and large consists of a standard backfill blade with independent boom swing. It is different from other heavy equipment in such a way that a transfer of hydraulic fluid in hydraulic cylinders is responsible for all the movements and functions of this machine particularly its work group and blade. The compact excavators rotation and travel functions are as well activated by the hydraulic fluid-powered motors.
The Dragline Excavator may come in smaller or bigger types. Smaller types are employed in civil engineering to construct road and port. While the larger types are utilized in strip-mining to move overburden above coal and for tar-sand mining. Draglines usually weigh about 2000 metric tons but there are also bigger draglines weighing 13000 metric tons. The bucket system of a dragline has a large bucket suspended with wire ropes from a large truss-like structure called boom. This bucket is maneuvered by ropes and chains and is supported by a hoist rope (whose power comes from large diesel or electric motors). The dragrope is responsible for holding and drawing the bucket assembly in a horizontal fashion. A skillful operator may apply his skills in contriving the ropes for the dragline to perform various operations.
Excavators are of great importance in construction sites. Excavators are made up of many parts that work together to get the job done. Main Parts of an Excavator As mentioned an excavator has many parts that work together to get the job done. The most common parts are: Motor: it creates the power used in moving an excavator. The motor can be powered by petrol fuel or even electricity. Its good to note that while there are electric excavators in the market they are very rare and they are designed to work in specialized areas. The hydraulic motor is one of the most important motors in an excavator. This is the motor that raises and extends the excavator arm.