Gail Cooper Excavator February 05th, 2018 - 12:40:43
An excavator can either be mounted on wheels or on tracks. These are used to facilitate for its mobility and are used in different environments. Track hoes are the type of excavators that are mounted on tracks. Excavators are not only used in construction industries but can also be used in the mining industry and also for lifting heavy loads. Other common uses of excavators include; river dredging demolition landscaping and also material handling. Excavators come in different types and sizes depending on the different jobs they can be employed on. Small excavators are commonly called mini or compact excavators and often come equipped with a bulldozer blade at the front. The smallest type of mini excavators is capable of fitting through a doorway. In contrast the largest type of excavators can weigh an amazing 180000 lbs. Compact excavators can be found in 2 distinct types namely the tail swing and zero tail swing models. Conventionally all compact excavators were tail swing models and had an attached rear counterweight to prevent them from tipping while digging.
Suction Excavators Apart from bucket excavators some excavators play the role of a vacuum by sucking out debris and other dirt materials from the ground. The excavation that takes place using a suction excavator requires the use of water in the soil. The water makes the soil loose making it easier for the suction pipe to suck the debris. Suction excavators are used when there is a need to extract soil from the ground for experimental purposes. Long Reach Excavators Long reach excavators have a long arm and boom sections. These types of excavators are usually used in demolition tasks. These machines are strong and can easily break walls and solid structures with power. Their long arms allow the handlers to stay at a safe distance from the demolition debris yet perform the task successfully in less time.
Dragline Dragline excavators are bigger in size and mainly used for big-scale construction practices including n-surface mining and other civil engineering tasks. These excavators are available in two different types; on-site and standard mobile draglines. Due to their huge size these excavators are often transported to the site in unassembled parts to be assembled onsite. On-site draglines are massive and built onsite and used for canal dredging. These draglines are also quite heavy which is the reason they cannot be transported in one piece as they may cause damage to the roads.
The Dragline Excavator may come in smaller or bigger types. Smaller types are employed in civil engineering to construct road and port. While the larger types are utilized in strip-mining to move overburden above coal and for tar-sand mining. Draglines usually weigh about 2000 metric tons but there are also bigger draglines weighing 13000 metric tons. The bucket system of a dragline has a large bucket suspended with wire ropes from a large truss-like structure called boom. This bucket is maneuvered by ropes and chains and is supported by a hoist rope (whose power comes from large diesel or electric motors). The dragrope is responsible for holding and drawing the bucket assembly in a horizontal fashion. A skillful operator may apply his skills in contriving the ropes for the dragline to perform various operations.