Letitia Ratliff Excavator February 09th, 2018 - 10:10:44
Excavators are construction vehicles used in various construction activities like road construction for digging and the moving material on the site. They are also commonly referred to as backhoes or diggers called so because they use wire rope or a hydraulic system to dig holes and trenches. An excavator has a long boom arm that is mounted on a pivot and connected at an elbow to a stick that holds the bucket. The bucket is an attachment and can be removed and replaced by a different accessory depending on the specification of the work being done. The excavator can be used for different operations at the construction site. The cab of an excavator can rotate a full 360 degrees. For this reason another common name for an excavator is the 360 degree digger.
In construction especially of large infrastructures an excavator is operated to assist in demolition general grading landscaping and in lifting and placing heavy objects such as pipes. Excavators also aid in mining river dredging and driving piles. A Compact hydraulic excavator or mini excavator has tracks or wheels and weighs approximately 0.7 to 7.5 tons. Caterpillar the worlds largest manufacturer of construction equipments has a compact or mini excavator that weighs only 1610 kilogram or 3549 pounds and operates on a power of 19 hp. The mini excavator by and large consists of a standard backfill blade with independent boom swing. It is different from other heavy equipment in such a way that a transfer of hydraulic fluid in hydraulic cylinders is responsible for all the movements and functions of this machine particularly its work group and blade. The compact excavators rotation and travel functions are as well activated by the hydraulic fluid-powered motors.
Project managers going for excavators on rental basis should check rates that are offered by different equipment leasing firms. Optimizing the cost of hiring the equipment means the hirer must ensure that paying of compensation for causing damage to the equipment is avoided. A certain degree of wear and tear is considered normal over time but the equipment leasing company have better knowledge of how much wear and tear can happen after normal operations. An excavator is designed to carry out really heavy work and most leasing companies closely monitor the wear and tear of their machines. Therefore the project manager hiring the equipment should adhere to the best practices of usage in order to optimize the rental deal.
However the counterweight makes it difficult to maneuver the vehicle as it extends beyond the tracks. The zero tail swing excavators on the other hand have a counter weight that doesnt extend over the rails and hence make it easier for the operator to maneuver. Excavators are mainly defined or specified by their arm force dump height power rating and their dig depth. Originally all excavators came with the bucket as the only attachment. However current exactors have a variety of attachments such as grapples breakers and augers. The buckets also come in different types e.g. tilt general purpose and sorting buckets. The operator can control the side to side angle of tilt buckets while sorting buckets are used to separate large materials from the smaller ones. The quick attach mounting system makes it easier for attachment switching at the site. Lee is an experienced and competent writer especially in business and construction industries. His articles are opinionated informative and at times controversial. His honest approach is designed to assist the reader make informed decisions on areas very important to our daily lives.