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Letitia Ratliff Excavator February 12th, 2018 - 12:50:40
Different types of heavy equipments are used for different applications and purposes. They are most commonly used in performing tasks necessary to complete a construction project. One particular type of heavy equipments (construction equipment earth movers engineering vehicles or just plain equipment) is an Excavator. An excavator mainly consists of a boom bucket and cab on a rotating platform called a House that sits on top of an undercarriage with tracks or wheels. Number of reasons exit for the functions and application of an excavator. Excavators may be used in digging trenches holes and foundations. It could also be used in handling materials and in brush cutting with hydraulic attachments. Forestry works are also made easier and facilitated by the use of excavators.
The Long reach excavator has nowadays been replacing the wrecking ball as main tool in demolition due to its particularly long boom arm which can reach upper stories of buildings and fashionably pulls down the structure. To remove earth from a hole heavy debris on land or from various places a Suction or Vacuum Excavator is used. It has a wide suction pipe with a diameter of about a foot the suction air inlet air speed may reach 100 meters per second. A steam-powered excavator Steam shovel is designed to lift and move materials such as rock and soil. It is a forerunner of a Power shovel (also called Stripping Front or Electric Mining shovel) which frequently runs on electric power for digging and loading earth or fragmented rock and mineral extraction.
An excavator can either be mounted on wheels or on tracks. These are used to facilitate for its mobility and are used in different environments. Track hoes are the type of excavators that are mounted on tracks. Excavators are not only used in construction industries but can also be used in the mining industry and also for lifting heavy loads. Other common uses of excavators include; river dredging demolition landscaping and also material handling. Excavators come in different types and sizes depending on the different jobs they can be employed on. Small excavators are commonly called mini or compact excavators and often come equipped with a bulldozer blade at the front. The smallest type of mini excavators is capable of fitting through a doorway. In contrast the largest type of excavators can weigh an amazing 180000 lbs. Compact excavators can be found in 2 distinct types namely the tail swing and zero tail swing models. Conventionally all compact excavators were tail swing models and had an attached rear counterweight to prevent them from tipping while digging.
Excavator Arm: The arm is attached to the lower part of the frame chassis and has two main sections that are joined with a hinge. The sections have pistons that move them. When the first piston extends the rod pushes against the arm and raises it thus extending the section. The second arm then contracts and expands thus raising and lowering the second section. To help the excavator to scoop and dig the arm has a bucket loader. Tracks They are rigid and fixed in one place. The tracks are stationed around a series of gears that turn after receiving power from the drive shaft that is connected to the engine. When the tracks are in gear they roll the excavator backward and forward in a straight line.